Paris: According to the two landmarks, decade-long global surveys of health trends result that was released on Tuesday, in rich nations, cancer has overtaken heart diseases to become the leading cause of death. This was published in The Lancet Medical Journal.
The data showed that among middle-aged adults, heart disease continues to be the leading cause of mortality globally, accounting for more than 40 percent of deaths. Around 17.7 million deaths in 2017 were thought to have been caused by this.
Gilles Deganais, emeritus professor at Laval University, in Quebec talked about the transition in the world among the various categories of non-communicable diseases with the high-income countries no longer having cardiovascular diseases as the leading cause of death. He reflected upon his team’s study that showed cancer to account for over a quarter (26 percent) of all deaths, thereby becoming the second most common cause of death globally in 2017.
Over the decade, more than 160,000 adults were followed in the study, in high-, middle-, and low-income countries which led to the discovery that people in poorer nations were more likely to die from heart diseases (2.5 times more on an average) than those in richer ones.
It was also found that in low-income states, non-infectious diseases such as cancer and pneumonia were less common.
The researchers in Canada also did a second study by studying the patient’s data in the same 21 countries and concluded that for 70 percent of heart disease cases, the so-called “modifiable risk factors” could be held accountable globally. This is in inclusion of diet, socioeconomic and behavioral factors.
But, heart diseases in developing countries can be strongly linked to household air pollution, inadequate education levels, and poor diet.
Professor of Medicine at McMaster University, Salim Yusuf, stressed upon the need of the government of these countries to start investing more of their GDP in the prevention and management of non-communicable diseases including cardiovascular disease, rather than putting their focus largely on infectious diseases.